The east of Jordan is an arid plateau, irrigated by oases
and seasonal rivers. Here you will find the barren moon-like landscape of the Wadi Rum desert. The vast majority of the population is based in the north
west due to its fertile soil and higher rainfall. In the west of the country
you can find evergreen forests that drop away into the Jordan Rift Valley that
contains the Jordan River and the Dead Sea which separates Jordan from
Israel. The Dead Sea lies at 430m below sea
level and is the lowest point on Earth. It contains almost 10 times more salt than
the ocean, creating a harsh environment that prevents any plants or wildlife
being able to flourish, hence the name.
The national flower of Jordan is the Black Iris which can be
found covering vast fields in the north west near the town of Madaba.