The few land mammals to inhabit the island include polar
bears, reindeer, arctic fox, musk ox and arctic wolf. Bird species include snow
bunting, ringed plover, snowy owl and white tailed eagle. There is an abundance
of sea birds nesting in the high cliffs such as auks, puffins and skuas.
Greenland is sparsely vegetated, the little land that is not
covered by the ice sheet is mainly grassland and small shrubs. Common trees
found on the island are birch, willow and juniper. Interestingly, there is an
incredibly diverse range of lichens found here, over 950 different species.
With a population of just 56,081. Greenland is the least
densely populated territory in the whole world.