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Kandoo Adventures: June 1st 2020

Vaccinations you will need

Below we have set out what is the general guidance for travel to Tanzania. We strongly advise you to consult with your own GP or  travel clinic near you before travelling. They will have the most up to date and medically accurate information relevant to you, and should be relied upon over these recommendations.

Strongly Advised Vaccinations

  • Hepatitis A – This can be spread via contaminated food and water.
  • Tetanus – Tetanus is often present in the soil, and can contaminate open wounds easily. Tetanus vaccine should be used every ten years if travelling.
  • Typhoid – Typhoid can also be spread via contaminated food and water, and poor hygiene.
  • Diphtheria – This potentially fatal disease is spread mainly via spit, but occasionally through contact with cuts on the skin.  
  • Yellow Fever – This can be contracted by being bitten by a contaminated mosquito. This vaccination is not essential if you are arriving directly in Tanzania. You do need it though if you plan to arrive through any country that is subject to yellow fever. Simply stopping over at an airport in an affected country should not require vaccination, but leaving the airport even briefly would make it necessary.

Sometimes Advised Vaccinations

  • Hepatitis B – This illness is spread via contact with blood or bodily fluids. It is many, many times more virulent than HIV/AIDS. Some 8% of the population of Tanzania are believed to carry the virus.
  • Rabies – Rabies is spread via contact between the saliva of any infected animal and an open wound (including bites, but also licking existing wounds). Rabies is fatal unless treated, and treatment of an unvaccinated rabies patient can be very difficult in many parts of Tanzania.
  • Tuberculosis – TB is generally contracted through inhaling airborne sputum.
  • Cholera – Cholera is spread via contaminated food and water, and poor hygiene.
  • Measles – This disease is spread through inhaling sputum.

Frequently asked questions

Kilimanjaro Vaccinations

If you want to climb Kilimanjaro it is necessary to get certain vaccinations. They include vaccination against Hepatitis A and B, rabies, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, typhoid, and yellow fever.  You will also need to have a general medical exam to make sure there are no other issues that may cause problems while climbing. It is also important for you to get trekking and travel insurance.

To Summarize, these are vaccinations you should get:

  • Rabies

  • Typhoid

  • Diphtheria

  • Tetanus

  • Hepatitis A

  • Hepatitis B

  • Polio

  • Yellow Fever

What shots do I need for Tanzania?

It’s recommended to get hepatitis A and B, typhoid, influenza, Tdap, chickenpox, shingles, MMR, rabies, yellow fever, meningitis, and cholera vaccinations. The yellow fever vaccination may be optional in some cases. 

Do you need malaria tablets for Kilimanjaro?

You won’t run into malaria while on the mountain. However, you will be in territory that houses malaria before and after your hike so you should be taking malaria tablets while you’re hiking as a precaution. 

Do you need a yellow fever vaccination for Tanzania?

A yellow fever vaccination is always recommended. However, those arriving in Tanzania from countries with a high risk of yellow fever are required to get a vaccination before arrival to Tanzania. This is to prevent an outbreak and a national emergency. 

Is Ebola in Tanzania?

Officially, Tanzania has reported no cases of Ebola or suspected Ebola but the WHO has been investigating various claims that the country has concealed potential Ebola cases. 

Is Zika virus in Tanzania?

The Zika virus has been found in Tanzania. Of 533 people tested, 15.6% were positive with the virus.

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Rachael Bode

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