Located on the west coast of South America, Peru is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Huge swaths of the Amazon stretch across the eastern parts of country, whilst the peaks of the Andes rise to the north and the land becomes arid plains to the west. Home to the ancient Inca civilisation, Peru is swathed in a rich cultural history. The Spanish Empire eventually conquered the region in the 16th century, bringing the Incan Empire to an end, but much archaeology from the period remains, including the famous Machu Picchu.
Lima is now the capital of Peru, however, in Incan times that honour was given to Cusco. Today, Cusco is a thriving tourist town with a wealth of fascinating museums and archaeology. Cusco is also the starting point for all trekkers wishing to hike to the ancient citadel of Machu Picchu. Whilst the ruins of Machu Picchu are by far Peru’s most popular destination, many tourists visit the country to experience the local culture and diverse wildlife. From birds of paradise in the Amazon Basin to mighty condors in Colca Canyon, Peru is a hotspot for bird lovers.
Many of the smaller local villages still practise authentic weaving techniques whilst the salt and silver mines still produce material for hand made products. Peru's climate varies considerably from region to region, however, January through March tends to be the wet season throughout.