The history of Tanzania is filled with stories of struggle and triumph, victory and peace, stretching from the beginning of human settlement, through the arrival of colonialism to the advent of independence. Tanzania has been described as one of the most diverse countries in Africa and this is reflected in the fact that there are more than 158 local languages spoken in the country. Swahili is the national language that is widely spoken while English is the official language of education, administration and business.
Natural attractions include spectacular scenery, historical and archaeological sites, nature reserves and national parks teeming with wildlife and unpolluted beaches. As the highest peak on the African continent at 5,895m (19,341 ft) Mount Kilimanjaro has taunted avid explorers with its snow-capped peak for decades. The coastline is over 804km long with the nearby islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia offering an array of natural, cultural, historical and archaeological attractions.
Because Tanzania lies below the equator, the coolest months occur during the northern hemisphere’s summer, and all-year round the weather remains pleasant and comfortable. Tanzania’s equatorial climate brings two seasons of rain each year: the masika or long rains that fall from mid-March to the end of May, and the mvuli or short rains, that come intermittently throughout November and parts of December, and sometimes stretch into early January.